Taking into account the geopolitical situation of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, the great leader Heydar Aliyev, who always focused on the development of science, signed a historical resolution on August 7, 2002 on the establishment of the Nakhchivan Branch of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. In accordance with the above-mentioned order, 6 scientific research institutes were established in the Nakhchivan Branch of ANAS - History, Ethnography and Archaeology, Art, Language and Literature, Natural Resources, Bioresources, Batabat Astrophysics Observatory and Fund of Manuscripts.
As a result of the attention and care of the Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Vasif Talibov, in 2003, the buildings were allocated for the Presidium of the Nakhchivan Branch of ANAS, Institute of History, Ethnography and Archeology, Institute of Art, Language and Literature, and in 2004 for the Institute of Natural Resources, Batabat Astrophysics Observatory, Manuscripts Fund, Publishing House and Scientific Library and were reconstructed at the level of modern requirements. In 2005 the modernly constructed building of the Institute of Bioresources, in 2010 the building for the Laboratory of Biochemical Researches were given into use.
In 2005 the publishing-house began to activity within the division and first published sample was the special edition dedicated to Gamigaya. During this period 50 numbers of “News” of the branch in two series and 26 numbers of “Researches” were published. Over the past period, 60 (28 of them were homonyms, 29 of them were published in Exact Sciences Series, 3 of them were published as special numbers) of the “scientific works” (first under the name “News”) published in two series of the department, and 36 of the “searches” magazine were published.
Over the past period, 60 (28 of them in the humanities, 29 of them 29 in the exact sciences, 3 as special issue) of the “Scientific works” (formerly “News”) published in two series of the department, and 36 of the “Researches” magazine were published.
In the branch various scientific directions have been determined in investigation of Nakhchivan history, ethnography, archaeology, literature, folklore, bioresources, natural resources and important scientific results have been produced. “The Encyclopaedia of Nakhchivan” in two volumes, “the Encyclopaedia of Nakhchivan Monuments”, “the Atlas of Nakhchivan History”, three volumes of “Nakhchivan History”, “Chronicle of Nakhchivan Theatre”, “Anthology of Nakhchivan folklore” in three volumes, “Red book of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic” in two volumes, “Ampelography of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic”, “Herbs of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic”, "Natural resources of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: current situation and prospects", “the Atlas of Emergency situations of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic”, “Land of Dede Gorgud - Nakhchivan” historical-geographical ethnographic atlas (in three languages) and “Geography of Nakhchivan” (in two volumes) have been published. Generally, during its existence 228 monographs, 210 books, 28 methodical aids, 8761 articles, 219 theses, 22 atlases and maps of the branch employees have been published. They prepared 5 recommendations, 50 booklets and received 28 patents. 24 monographs, 19 books, 1862 articles, 71 theses were published abroad. The scientists of the division have been the winners of 23 grant projects, four of them being the international one. The Dissertation Council attached to Nakhchivan Branch of ANAS defended 17 dissertations for the Doctor of Sciences and 91 for the Doctor of Philosophy degree.
264 people work in Nakhchivan Branch of ANAS, 102 of them are scientific workers. Among the researchers are 2 academicians, 4 correspondent members, 4 doctors of sciences, 57 doctors of philosophy, doctoral students and candidates for a degree.