Gul Gasim Kazim oglu was born on December 31, 1909 in Shamakhi. In 1933 he graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Marine Transport Engineers.
In 1947, Gul received a Doctor of Philosophy in Geography and a Doctor of Geography in 1951 and a professor degree. In 1968 he was elected Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan.
At the age of 24, Gul Gasim Kazim oglu was appointed the first Azerbaijani chief to attend Baku Maritime Technical College (now Azerbaijan State Maritime Academy). He was the Head of the Department of Physical Geography at Azerbaijan State University (now Baku State University) and was the Vice-Rector for Scientific Affairs of the same University in 1954-1957. From 1957 to 1962, he served as Director of the Institute of Geography of the AAS, Head of the Caspian Issues Division. Gul Gasim Kazim oglu taught at the Department of Geography at Azerbaijan State University and also served as Vice-Rector for Academic and Scientific Affairs (1938-1941). During the war, he was the political head of communications courses of the USSR People's Defense Committee (1941-1942), headed the local industry and was appointed the flag-bearer of the Fisheries Committee of the USSR.
Gul Gasim Kazim oglu was the founder of the Oceanic School in Azerbaijan, the first doctor of geographical sciences in Azerbaijan, the first professor of geography, the first geographical correspondent member of AAS, the first Caspian geologist.
Gul is the author of more than 100 scientific works and 5 textbooks. The first textbook on physical geography in Azerbaijan was developed by him. He is the author of scientific publications such as: "Caspian Sea", "Geography of the Red Crescent", "Geography of oil fields in the sea", "Regulation and dynamics of waves on the western coast of the Caspian", "Meteorology and climatology".
Gul has played a valuable role in the development of geographical science in Azerbaijan, especially in the scientific solution of the problems of the Caspian Sea. He made speeches at the 1st World Congress of Oceanologists held in New York in 1959 and the international conference in Stockholm, Sweden, in 1960.
Gul Gasim was awarded the "Badge of Honor" order and was awarded a number of diplomas and honorary titles. In honor of him, “Professor Gul” corpse has been floating in the Caspian since 1986
Correspondent member of the ANAS Gasim Gul died in 1972 in Baku.