Correspondent member of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences Mashadikhanim Sadulla gizi Nematova was born on January 5, 1924 in Baku. In 1941 graduated from secondary school, and in 1948 graduated from the Faculty of Oriental Studies of the Azerbaijan State University named after S.Kirov (present BSU). In 1954, she received a Ph.D., and in 1968 she received Doctor’s degree. In 2001 she became a corresponding member of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. In 2009, he was awarded the Order of “Glory” "For special services in the field of epigraphic heritage research in Azerbaijan" under the Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated March 4, 2009.
During his 60-year history, M.Nematova went through all the historical regions of Azerbaijan - present-day Armenia, Dagestan and Georgia, studied their historical significance. She has enriched the historical science base of Azerbaijan with a large number of new, sometimes even unique documents about such problems.
N. Nematova, based on the Zangezur Urud monuments, proved that the Azerbaijanis were the Aboriginal people of the South Caucasus and the heir of the Albanian cultural heritage.
M.Nematova studied epigraphic monuments including Derbend, South Dagestan, the historical territory of Azerbaijan and, accordingly, determined the historical territory of Azerbaijan to Samur River. She discovered sculptures in Zangezur, Lachin, Kalbajar, Gobustan, Garabagh and other cemeteries, territory. It proved to be based on the Christian monuments of XIII-XIV centuries in Absheron (Buzovna, Shagan, New Surakhani), living in Absheron, the Turks and their participation in the formation of the Azerbaijani people.
She has published more than 12 monographs, 200 scientific articles, including 6 volumes of "Collection of Azerbaijan epigraphic monuments" as a result of scientific activity.
N. Nematova died on December 26, 2016.