Corresponding member of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Gara Mammad oglu Ahmadov was born in 1928 in the village of Charkhana in Gabala region. In 1949 he graduated from the History faculty of Baku State University.
In 1958, he defended his PhD dissertation on the topic of "Azerbaijan's IX-XIII centuries of home ceramics" at the Leningrad department of the Institute of Archeology of the USSR Academy of Sciences. His scientific activity consisted of research of medieval monuments of Azerbaijan. In 1972, he defended his doctoral dissertation on "Beylagan medieval city". Thus, he was the first scientist who received a doctorate in archeology in Azerbaijan.
G.Ahmadov was elected as a corresponding member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences in 2001.
From 1953 to 1968, G.Ahmadov carried out archaeological excavations in Beylagan (Orkanqala), one of the most magnificent medieval cities of Azerbaijan during 15 years.
G.Ahmedov carried out archaeological excavations in the fields of ancient medieval periods of ancient Gabala for more than 30 years. As a result of these studies, Gabala published a book called the Middle Ages.
G.Ahmedov honored Azerbaijani archeology in the international scale and spent his entire life studying medieval cities with great importance in the history of Azerbaijan's statehood.
G.Ahmedov headed the Scientific Council of the Archeology and Ethnography Sector under the Institute of History for 20 years. He has published more than 100 scientific articles and 6 monographs.
Seven candidates of sciences and 3 doctors of sciences have been trained under the leadership of G.Ahmedov.
Corresponding member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Gara Ahmedov, died on 4 May 2003 in Baku.