Nikolay Ivanovitch Muskhelishvili was born in 1891 in Tbilisi, Georgia.
He was an outstanding scientist in the fields of mathematics and theoretical mechanics. In 1914 he graduated as a mathematician from the Petersburg University, Russia. In 1933 he
was elected as a Correspondent Member and in 1939 as an Active Member (Academician) of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. He was elected as a Member of Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Governing Board) in 1957. In 1941 he was elected as an Active Member (Academician) of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia. Since 1941 till 1972 he was holding the post of the President of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia. Since 1972 till his death in 1976 he was an Honoured President of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia. In parallel with his presidency at the Academy he was also a Director of the Tbilisi MathematicalInstitute of the Academy of Sciences of Georgia named after A.M. Razmadze in 1941- 1976.
The main areas of his research were the theory of elasticity, integral equations, boundary problems of the functions theory. He was the first, who applied the theory of functions of complex variables in resolution of problems of the theory of elasticity. He suggested an array of methods, which have been successfully employed in other areas of mathematics, theoretical physics and mechanics.
He was a member of a number of foreign Academies, scientific societies and organizations.
He was awarded twice a State Award of the USSR in 1941 and 1947. He was also awarded a Gold Medal named after M.V. Lomonosov, five Orders of Lenin (the supreme award in Former Soviet Union) and a number of other medals and orders, including two foreign ones.
He was an author of a great number of scientific articles, monographs and textbooks for university students of mathematics and theoretical mechanics.
N.I. Muskhelishvili died in 1976 in Tbilisi, Georgia.
He was elected an Honoured Member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.